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Post-Workout Nutrition and Why it’s So Important

This morning I woke up extremely sore and super energized. After noticing the sky was still pitch black I grabbed my phone to check the time– it was 3:50AM! I shut my eyes and tried to go back to sleep, but after an hour and a half of counting backwards, meditating, and changing positions I realized there was nothing left to do but get up and roll with it *Sigh*.

Let’s rewind and discuss why my body was reacting this way.

One of my best friends, CarlyAnn, recently moved back to New York from Nashville. Yesterday she suggested we hit the gym to lift and catch up. The intense leg workout left us hobbling back to my car in a successful yet miserable state.

The smart thing to do would be to have a nutrient dense meal, but instead we decided to skip lunch and run a couple errands!

When I finally got home (hours later) it was almost time for kickboxing. I grabbed some homemade jerky and headed to the studio. Towards the end of class my body was shot and my muscles felt useless. I dragged my lifeless body home, forced down a piece of fish and peas and turned in for the night. This morning I woke up extremely sore.

Can you tell where I went wrong? Lets see..

  1. I totally overtrained my body
  2. I did not refuel properly

What Happens to Our Bodies When We Exercise

Here are just a few things going on inside our bodies during exercise:

  1. Fatty acids from fat, protein in the form of amino acids, and glucose and glycogen, both of which are sugars that come from consuming carbohydrates are used as fuel
  2. Muscle fibers are being torn (this is a good thing! With a good post workout meal and adequate sleep these muscle fibers repair, grow, and gain strength!).
  3. Cortisol levels rise

What is Glycogen?

Glycogen is a form of sugar stored in the muscles and liver. Our bodies are programmed to use the sugar in the blood before tapping into glycogen stores (1). When blood sugar levels drop too low, glycogen is released from its stores to give the body quick sugar and a jolt of energy. Think of glycogen as a backup battery pack for the body.

Cortisol the Fat Burning, Lean Muscle Building Hormone

Cortisol is a steroid stress hormone that gets a bad rep for being associated with weight gain, acne, etc. But when released at the right time cortisol acts fat burning, muscle building and energizing stimulant. Cortisol levels peak in the morning to help wake us up and get the day started. As the day progresses, cortisol levels naturally begin to drop so that by the end of the day we are able to fall asleep.

We also elevate cortisol when we engage in physical activity. Cortisol production promotes the development of lean muscle which is essential in losing fat (yay!). However, when we finish our workouts cortisol level are high and should be lowered by having a wholesome meal of mainly protein and carbs. If you make it a habit to not eat upon exercise cortisol levels will remain elevated causing weight gain (mainly in the abdominal region), sleep disruption, and muscle breakdown.

Bottom Line:

After an intense workout..

  • some of our glycogen stores are depleted
  • muscle is broken down
  • cortisol remains elevated causing a multitude of negative effects

Therefore the purpose of a post workout meal is to restore glycogen and repair muscles in order to build beautiful lean muscle, lower cortisol levels and to just feel good!

How Soon Should You be Eating After a Workout?

It is important to eat within 60 minutes of your workout, but if you really want to take full advantage of your revved up metabolism eat within 30 minutes of exercise (2). The quicker you get some nutrition in your body the sooner you restore glycogen stores and rebuild muscle proteins to stimulate the growth of new lean muscle.

What Should You Eat?

A meal consisting of protein and medium to high glycemic carbs that is low in fat is the quickest and most efficient way in recovering your muscles and utilizing the meal as energy rather than storing it as fat.

High Glycemic Carbs: Digest quicker

Protein: Helps repair muscles

Keeping the meal low in fat: Fat slows digestion and we want our muscle cells to be replenished as quickly as possible.

The following lists contain examples of simple and easily digested foods:

Carbs:

  • Potatoes
  • Carrots, corn, peas
  • Rice
  • Fruits (pineapple, berries, banana, kiwi)
  • Rice cakes
  • Rice
  • Oatmeal
  • Note: I always promote eating wholesome foods but if you’ve been craving lucky charms or that chocolate chip cookie (AKA cheat meal) then post workout would be the best time to eat it!

Protein

  • Grassfed organic protein powder
  • Eggs
  • Greek yogurt
  • Wild caught fish
  • Chicken
  • Lean beef

 

References:

  1. Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: W H Freeman; 2002. Chapter 21, Glycogen Metabolism. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21190/
  2. Jentjens, R. & Jeukendrup, A. (2003). Determinants of Post-Exercise Glycogen Synthesis During Short-Term Recovery. Sports Medicine, 33(2), 117-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200333020-00004

Photos:

  1. Carbohydrate metabolism. (2017). Slideshare.net. Retrieved 8 January 2017, from http://www.slideshare.net/ganeshbond/carbohydrate-metabolism-31707764
  2. Ballachey, G. (2017). Cortisol and Sleep – Sustainable Balance. Sustainable Balance. Retrieved 8 January 2017, from http://sustainablebalance.ca/cortisol-and-sleep/

21dsd pic

Starting the 21-Day Sugar Detox

Towards the end of my December recap post I briefly mentioned embarking on the 21 Day Sugar Detox. Here is some information on how I discovered the detox and my experience thus far…

I dipped a toe into the pool of podcasting over the summer at the start of my dietetic internship/grad program. Normally I like to stay up late and research interesting fitness and health related topics to stay current with the literature and become more knowledgeable for my clients and myself. However with my day spent at the hospital and my nights consumed with grad work I began losing out on my research time (and sanity! haha).

 

A friend suggested I start listening to some health podcasts during my long commutes to and from the hospital. This is how I discovered Balanced Bites Podcast and co-host Diane Sanfilippo’s 21-Day Sugar Detox.

I’ll be honest, with my background in nutrition I can be very skeptical while listening to these wellness podcasts, but co-hosts Diane and Liz preach the same nutrition beliefs as myself. These ladies get me through a 2 hour commute each day with discussions ranging from nutrition for thyroid functioning to gut health to skin care. Through my incessant podcast listening Diane mentioned her 21-Day Sugar Detox book and I was immediately hooked.

Again, I’m pretty skeptical when it comes to buying nutrition books but I trusted Diane and went forward with my purchase. The detox wasn’t filled with wacky juice recipes, soup cleanses, etc. but rather whole foods, clean and tasty recipes and insightful information.

Side note: I originally had a colorful picture of fruits, veggies and proteins but found an avocado putting on pants to be more interesting

Anyways! In her book, Dianne goes through a preparation phase, which includes enlisting friends or family to embark on the detox journey. I have successfully recruited my mom (the sweets QUEEN), my dad (the carb loving Italian), and my brother (the “if you don’t put your name on it I’m eating it” offender). The day before the detox we all indulged in some creamy Cold Stone ice cream before saying “sayonara!” to all things sweet.

Today is day 2 and everyone seems to be holding up pretty well! I will fill everyone in on our triumphs, struggles and (hopefully) progress!

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Healthy lunch Ideas

Healthy Habits Pt 2: Cleaning Up Lunch

Last week in THIS post we discussed how to tweak your breakfast in order to instill long lasting energy, satiate hunger and trim your waistline. Hopefully you were able to implement some of these ideas and are ready to hear all about healthifying lunch!

During the day you should be tapering your meals down.

Eat breakfast like a King, lunch like a Prince and dinner like a Pauper. We ate a larger amount of the days calories at breakfast so now it is time to lunch like a Prince…

Lunch is not necessarily going to be smaller, but should be lighter than breakfast in terms of calories and carbs. It is important to carryover the same breakfast principals such as incorporating quality protein, healthy fats, non-starchy veggies and good natural complex carbs. In order to decrease the amount of calories consumed at lunch while still staying full it is important to include lots of non-starchy vegetables.

I personally experience a energy slump between 11:00 and 2:00PM which is reversed with a nutrient dense midday meal.

Lets think about how to put together a healthy lunch…

Start with a protein:

  • chicken
  • turkey
  • ground beef
  • ground turkey
  • salmon
  • cod
  • shrimp
  • organic deli meats (like Applegate)
  • etc.

Add in fat(s):

  • grassfed butter
  • olives, olive oil
  • full fat cheese (if able to tolerate)
  • avocado, avocado oil
  • coconut oil
  • almonds, brazil nuts, chia seeds, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, pecans, etc.
  • pesto sauce
  • etc.

Go crazy with non starchy veggies:

  • artichokes
  • asparagus
  • broccoli
  • brussel sprouts
  • cauliflower
  • cucumber
  • eggplant
  • garlic
  • green beans
  • jicama
  • kale
  • mushrooms
  • onion
  • peppers
  • spinach, romaine, arugula and any other leafy green
  • etc.

Incorporate a small portion of complex carbs like good whole grains and starchy vegetables (sorry! no refined breads and pastas) :

  • beets
  • green peas
  • pumpkin
  • rice
  • squash
  • sweet potato
  • sprouted whole grain bread (Ezekial bread!)

Add a little dairy

  • If you are able to tolerate dairy I recommend opting for grassfed choices

Now that you’ve chosen from the list, just put it all together…

Sample lunch ideas:

  1. Spinach salad topped with nitrate-free organic deli turkey, chopped beets, jicama, cucumber, olive oil and a sprinkle of walnuts
  2. Romaine Lettuce Wraps filled with flank steak, peppers, onion, rice and salsa
  3. Sandwich using Ezekial bread, grilled chicken, a slice of organic nitrate-free bacon, a slice of grassfed cheese
  4. Spaghetti Squash with pesto, ground chicken meatballs and sautéed veggies

Bottom Line:

  • eat lunch like a Prince making it lighter than breakfast. The meals listed above may seem like a lot, but loading up on non-starchy veggies increases the volume of your meal while still remaining low in calories and carbs
  • incorporate protein, healthy fats, lots of non starchy veggies, and a bit of complex carbs
  • feel free to add in a little grassfed dairy if you can tolerate it

Stay tuned for my take on Dinner this time next week*

Healthy Breakfast Ideas (1)

Healthy Habits Pt 1: Cleaning Up Breakfast

“I’m gonna lose weight!”

Easier said than done, right? Whether you’re new to adopting a healthy lifestyle or a veteran to all things nutrition and fitness, everyone can benefit from going back to basics and cleaning up some not so great habits.

The Internet is filled with an overload of tips and advice on achieving a healthy lifestyle. This abundance of information can get extremely overwhelming and sometimes just downright contradictory.

Don’t fret! I’m here to simplify things (*insert calm faced emoji here*). For the next few weeks we will go meal by meal to help you clean up your diet in a sustainable way. This week we will focus on healthifying Breakfast, next week we will focus on Lunch and the last week we will cover Dinner. I chose to split this segment into 3 parts to give you the opportunity to adjust to the change in diet. Taking a gradual approach will help you to adapt and not feel overwhelmed by a sudden shift in lifestyle.

Let’s start with Breakfast!

Most will argue that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and I agree! You’ve been asleep for around 8 hours and are literally Breaking a Fast. Breakfast should be your largest meal of the day filled with protein, good fats and some complex carbs rather than simple carbs.

 

Complex carbs like sweet potatoes, sprouted wheat toast, and oatmeal are your friend! They provide a gradual increase in blood sugars and energy that will last hours. Simple carbs on the other hand like poptarts, white bread, and any other processed foods will cause a drastic increase in blood sugars followed by a crash. In other words, these refined carbs will put you on an immediate sugar high which will give you a lot of energy in a little bit of time.

Soon after eating these sugary foods your energy levels will plummet, causing you to eat more for another surge of energy (AKA you are likely to overeat which can lead to weight gain)

So lets get down to some yummy, healthy and filling breakfasts you can go to town on…

P.S: The measurements of food are just an estimate of how much I eat but we all have different               caloric needs so don’t feel forced to eat the same amount as me.

  1. 2 organic eggs cooked in olive oil, a slice of ezekial bread and grassfed butter
  2. 2 organic egg 1 egg white omelet filled with spinach, zucchini, onions and a slice of ezekial bread on the side with either a drizzle of olive oil or grassfed butter
  3. 2 organic egg 1 egg white omelet with spinach, zucchini, onions and sweet potato (notice I used sweet potato in place of the ezekial bread as my carbs
  4. ½ cup gluten free oatmeal with 2 tbsp. natural nut butter
  5. Ill find a good gluten free Paleo pancake or waffle recipe and top it with melted nut butter and 1-2 slices of regular or turkey bacon
  6. ¼ cup gluten free oatmeal with 1 tbsp. chopped nuts and 1 egg scramble with spinach
Bottom line:
  • Eat breakfast like a king making it the largest meal of the day.
  • Be sure to incorporate complex good carbs, protein, and fat.
  • Explore clean breakfast recipes that are low in sugar and have a good balance of the macronutrients (carbs, protein and fat)

Stay tuned for my take on Lunch this time next week*